French perfume house. Established in 1970 with Gérard Courtinne as its founder. His certainly modern fragrances are nonetheless classic for the bottles that reproduce the sculptures to which they inspire. Aimed at a young, demanding, and sophisticated public, the company launched a women’s line (Chicane, Silence, Coeur de parfum, and Anthracite) as well as a men’s line (Eau cendrée, Jacomo de Jacomo, and Anthracite pour homme). In 1983 Courtinne opened a workshop in Deauville, and five years later he added a line of accessories. The company’s ownership passed on to Martell, then to Jean d’Avèze, and finally, in 1987, to Balmain.