Bailly, Christiane

Bailly Christiane (1932-2000). French designer, considered one of the pioneers of prêt-à-porter. She made her début in the world of fashion as a model.

Bailly Christiane (1932-2000). French designer, considered one of the pioneers of prêt-à-porter. Born in Lyon, she made her début in the world of fashion as a model: first, in 1957, working almost exclusively for Balenciaga, and later working freelance for Chanel and Dior. When she decided create her own designs, she opted for a style that was functional and reduced to essentials. Her start, in 1959, was similar to that of many other designers of the time: a portfolio under the arm and a lot of time spent in waiting rooms.

Thanks to a sketch sold to Marie Chasseng, one of her designs made the pages of Women’s Wear Daily. The critics were favorable, but commercial success was still far off, and soon her partnership with Emanuelle Khanh, which had the help of Rabanne, their assistant, came to an end.

Bailly was one of the first designers to create a complete knitwear collection. The American journalist Hebe Dorsey invited her to present her collection in New York in a group with other new talents. It was 1966, and her clothes caused a sensation. But she was unable to start her own business and worked for others: 4 years for Missoni, 6 for Aujard. From 1981 to 1983 she again tried to start her own griffe. She fell back on prestigious collaborations with Cerruti, Rabanne, Hermès, and Scherrer. According to the critics, she had much less success than she deserved.

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Palermo, Olivia

Palermo, Olivia

Olivia Palermo (1986) is an American model, influencer and businesswoman, founder of the Olivia Palermo Group Inc. The City on MTV launched her career.

Palermo, Olivia (1986). American influencer and businesswoman. She was born in New York on February 28, 1986 to Douglas Palermo, a building contractor and Lynn Hutchings, an interior designer.

Famous for having been part of the cast of The City, an MTV program, Palermo took her first steps in the world of fashion as an intern at Quest Magazine until she landed in Elle and became a style icon in the following years.

Her creativity and her unique style have recognized her as one of the most famous fashion influencers. It also lead her to collaborate with various international brands, until the foundation of the homonymous website and brand.


Palermo è cresciuta tra New York nell’Upper East Side e Greenwich nel Connecticut, dove ha frequentato la Nightingale – Bamford School e successivamente la St. Luke’s School. Dopo essersi diplomata, frequenta per un anno l’American University of Paris e poi si iscrive alla New School di New York dove studia comunicazione.

In a 2017 interview for the magazine Net-a-Porter, The Edit, Olivia Palermo stated that she had difficulties in her youth due to a learning disorder. However, this obstacle did not prevent it from achieving important milestones.

Then she began working as an intern at Quest Magazine, a New York-based magazine specializing in fashion, culture and society.

Olivia Palermo, her debut and success in the fashion world

From 2008 to 2010 Palermo took part in the MTV television program The City. It is a reality show that follows the evolution of young women between career and private life. During the show, Palermo works for Diane von Fürstenbergand later for Elle Magazine in the accessories department.

Those were crucial years for Olivia. In 2009 she signed a contract with the agency Wilhelmina International Inc. This marked the beginning of her career in the fashion world.

Palermo’s professional life is now divided between TV appearances and collaborations with some of the most famous brands in the fashion world.  

In 2010 Palermo was the face for the Spanish jewelery collection Carrera y Carrera. After collaborating on a number of projects including the one with Mango for the fall/winter campaign in 2010 and then with Hogan. While in 2011 Palermo participates in Project Runway and Britain’s Next Top Model as a guest judge.

In 2011, Palermo also founded his personal website. There she collects news, style and beauty tips, recruiting writers and editors in the sector. She appears on numerous covers of international magazines including Cosmopolitan, InStyle, Elle, Marie Claire, Glamor, Arcadia, L ’Officiel and Tatler.

Palermo’s first collaborations

Starting in 2011 a possible future as a designer is outlined. In fact, Stuart Weitzman calls her to design a collection of shoes for charitable purposes.

Then in 2014 she collaborated with the Italian brand Aquazzura to design a shoe collection conceived for any occasion or age. 2014 also marks an important event for the entrepreneur’s personal life. Palermo in fact married the German model Johannes Huebl.

Olivia Palermo and Johannes Huebel.

Collaborations increase in 2015. Palermo designs a collection of bags for Aspinal Of London, a London accessory brand, creates a jewelry collection with the American brand BaubleBar and launches a make-up line with Ciaté London.

This is followed by collaborations with Nordstrom in 2016. A year later she collaborated with Banana Republic and became Women’s Global Style Ambassador.

Perhaps the most important collaboration in Olivia Palermo’s career is the one with Karl Lagerfeld, in 2019. Lagerfeld called Palermo to collaborate on the winter collection of his eponymous brand. The brand described her as a “champion of self-esteem, entrepreneurship and creativity”. The collection was then disseminated through Karl Lagerfeld’s wholesale partners and online.

Regarding her ability to create a unique and original style, Valentino Garavani also expressed himself in an interview for Il Messaggero in 2019. The famous Valentino designer said that Olivia Palermo is the only exception among the various influencers trained in this era. While the others “propose ridiculous and wrong choices”, Palermo is the only one to be able to enjoy this name thanks to the ability to mix the various pieces.

Furthermore Olivia is always at the forefront of the most important fashion weeks. From Milan to Paris, from New York to London.

Olivia Palermo during the Paris Fashion Week 2018.

The brand: Olivia Palermo Group Inc.

Since the founding of the website, the entrepreneur has come a long way. In fact, the site has evolved into a real brand. The site has punctual articles and various insights on fashion, lifestyle and beauty. It also offers visitors a wide range of trends to inspire them to build their image, promoting values such as authenticity and creativity.

The group collaborates with inclusive brands. They must welcome the mission of Palermo and proposes the products of which she herself is an ambassador thanks to collaborations with selected partners.

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Abloh, Virgil


Naomi Campbell is an English model who was recruited at the age of 15. Her career quickly began and she appeared on British and French Vogue by 18.


  1. The Beginning: Synchro Model agency
  2. The Golden Years
    1. Vogue
    2. Supermodel
  3. Her Struggles
  4. Fashion Cafe
  5. Various Activities
  6. Current Situation

The Beginning: Synchro Model Agency

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Naomi Campbell Young Naomi
Young Naomi Posing for the Camera

Naomi Campbell was born in 1970  in Streatham, London. She has chestnut hair and brown eyes, but she wears colored contact lenses, blue and green. She studied at Dunraven School and the London Academy for Performing Arts, Italia Conti Academy stage school and appeared in music videos for Bob Marley. Then, she was discovered at the age of 15 while walking in Covent Garden, by Beth Boldt of the model agency Synchro.

After being discovered she was signed on by the agency and her career quickly took off. She traveled to Paris regularly and meet Azzedine Alaïa, who she became close with and meet many celebrities through him.

The Golden Years


Naomi Campbell French Vogue Cover 1988
French Vogue Cover 1988

In December 1987, she appeared on the cover of British Vogue, as that publication’s first black cover girl since 1966. Then, in August 1988 at the age of 18, she was the first black woman to appear on the cover of Vogue France. A year later, she appeared on the cover of the September issue of American Vogue, which was said to be the most sold.


Naomi Campbell Supermodels Shot by Herb Ritts
Supermodels Shot by Herb Ritts

Through the 80s and 90s she gained the status of a top model and was considered one of the six models of her generation declared supermodels by the fashion industry. She walked the catwalk for designers: Gianni Versace, Azzedine Alaïa, Ralph Lauren, BlueMarine, Alessandro Dell’Acqua and Isaac Mizrahi. Also, she has modeled for famous photographers such as Peter Lindbergh, Herb Ritts and Bruce Weber.

In April 1992, she appeared on the hundredth-anniversary cover of American Vogue, shot by Patrick Demarchelier, with several other top models. And a year later in 1993 She famously fell on the catwalk in Vivienne Westwood‘s foot-high platform shoes, which were later displayed at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

Her Struggles

Naomi Campbell Vogue 100 Anniversary 1990
? Naomi Campbell Vogue 100 Anniversary 1990

Through 1998 to 2009 there were several cases after being accused 11 different times over the years of acting out against employees, associates and other individuals. She was convicted in Toronto in 1998 of assaulting her assistant with a mobile phone. By 2006, several other employees had come forward with claims of abuse. She has pled guilty at least four times and has attended anger management classes, completed community service ?and paid fines. Along with this, she was banned from British Airways after an incident mid-air.

Elite Model Management, which had represented Campbell since 1987, fired her in September 1993, on the grounds that “no amount of money or prestige could further justify the abuse” to staff and clients. Elite founder John Casablancas described her as “manipulative, scheming, rude and impossible.” She was known for her whimsical temper and jet set love affairs including the boxer Mike Tyson, the dancer Cortes, the entrepreneur Flavio Briatore, and Usher.

Fashion Cafe

Elle McPherson, Claudia Schiffer, and Naomi Cambell Fashion Cafe Launch
Elle McPherson, Claudia Schiffer, and Naomi Cambell Fashion Cafe Launch

Naomi decided to diversify her activities, and, with her colleagues Elle McPherson and Christy Turlington, started the Fashion Café. The business venture was not successful and the directors were arrested for fraud, bankruptcy and money laundering in 1998. Then, she co-wrote the book Swan, recorded a couple of songs and created the album Babywoman. Also, she has participated in the videos of famous singers like Michael Jackson, presented her own fragrance, and had a doll and a wax statue at Madame Tussaud’s reproducing her features dedicated to her. So far, the thing she does best remains on the runways.

For over twenty years, Naomi Campbell has worn clothes that designers put on her, but also interpreted them, giving them life. In 2007, she walked the catwalk for Dior‘s 60th-anniversary fashion show at Versailles.

Various Activities

In 2013 she launched her reality series, The Face. The series is about a group of aspiring models competing against each other. Campbell is the producer and a coach for the show.  

In 2014, at the age of 44, Naomi is ready to go permanently down from the catwalk and to get behind the scenes of fashion, and opened a charity shop in London’s Westfield shopping center, called Fashion For Relief. The shop also sells fashion clothes and accessories to celebrities and friends as Kate Moss.

Naomi Campbell Fashion For Relief Show 2015
Fashion For Relief Show 2015

Fashion For Relief has presented shows in New York, London, Cannes, Moscow, Mumbai  and Dar es Salaam, and has raised millions of dollars for various causes. Campbell has remained an activist who has fought for the welfare of children in Africa alongside Nelson Mandela since 1997.

Between the end of 2015 and the beginning of 2016 a wide range of products signed by the model is launched for TCC, a leading company in loyalty programs. The products, including jewelry, textile articles for the house, bags and luggage have been used by retail chains, franchise or not, to reward customers in loyalty campaigns.

Current Situation

Naomi Campbell Versace Spring/Summer 2018 Runway Show a Tribute to Gianni Versace
Versace Spring/Summer 2018 Runway Show a Tribute to Gianni Versace

In 2017 Campbell launches silver jewelry and luxury gift items, becoming an ambassador of a brand that is launching its first store in Northern Ireland.

Milan Spring Summer 2018 Fashion Week’s epic moment turns out to be Versace’s runway show, where the original supermodels: Naomi Campbell, Cindy Crawford, Claudia Schiffer, Carla Bruni, and Helena Christensen,  return back to the runway in golden dress, to pay tribute to the late designer Gianni Versace. The reunion moment is really memorable, audience welcomed the top five models with applause and standing ovation.

By 2018 Naomi Campbell has graces the cover of over 500 magazines, walked the runway for countless luxury brands, and has continued her charity work in South Africa and around the world.