VALENTINO

Valentino: the fashion emperor and his great love for the iconic Valentino red. Read the story to learn more about the Italian designer loved by the Hollywood stars.

Index

  1. The Origin 
  2. The First Fashion Show
  3. Valentino and the Hollywood Stars
  4. HDP Buys the Company 
  5. 40 Years of Career
  6. Valentino Joins the Marzotto Group
  7. The New Lines
  8. Farewell to the Catwalks
  9. Creative Directors: Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pier Paolo Piccioli
  10. The Recent Years

The Origin

He was born Graduation Valentino Clemente Ludovico Garavani, also known as, Valentino Garavani (1933). Italian fashion designer. Ever since he was small, he clearly showed his idea of style and elegance. It was an aspect that clearly emerged in the first outfit that he created for his aunt Rosa, the owner of a passementerie shop in Voghera, in the Via Turin, where he loved to spend his afternoons playing with bolts of cloth.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Red
Valentino Red

Even then he especially loved red: a color that, in later years, would become his good-luck charm and the strong suit of his palette. He understood this when, during his apprenticeship with Jean Dessès in Paris, he went to the Opera in Barcelona and was overwhelmed by the entirely red stage costumes:

“It was at that moment that I understood that, after white and black, there is no color more beautiful.”

At age 17 Valentino leaves Voghera to learn fashion in Paris. His speed at sketching models immediately won him a job with Dessès, where he worked until 1955, and then moved to a position with Guy Laroche, which lasted until 1957. That was the year in which he returned to Italy, and opened, with his father’s help, an atelier in Rome in the Via Condotti. From a young apprentice designing the shadows for major atelier, he was now the owner of his own business. His debut took place in Rome, and was understated. It was, in fact, a fiasco, and he failed to sell even a single item.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Young Designer at his StudioYoung Designer at his Studio

The First Fashion Show

In those years, he became acquainted with Giancarlo Giammetti, a student of architecture who would become his manager and his administrator, as well as his communications director. In 1962 in Florence, Valentino was the last to present his collection in Palazzo Pitti. The hall overwhelmed with a deafening roar of applause.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Sala Bianca July 1962 Florence
Valentino Sala Bianca July 1962 Florence

“My mother said to me: ‘You hear them? They want you, because you’ve done it, you’ve won.’ Less than an hour later, I had sold my entire collection and I was swamped with orders.”

Since then, his successes has followed one upon the heels of the other, punctually, season after season. “The Americans love this Italian who has become the king of fashion in just a short while,” wrote Woman’s Wear Daily in 1968, after a dazzling runway presentation all in white, studded with capes and lightly draped outfits.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino 1968 White Collection
Valentino 1968 White Collection

“Creativity,” said Valentino, “is difficult to explain, it is like an internal force, an enthusiasm that never wanes and which gives me the strength to continue working in new ways. As I look at things and people in the street, my imagination continues to march and my ideas take shape through my pencil.”

Valentino and the Hollywood Stars

His volcanic flow of new ideas for women and refined elegance left an indelible mark in the jet set. Farah Diba fled from her crumbling empire wearing a Valentino suit. Liz Taylor met Richard Burton while wearing Valentino. Jackie Kennedy married Onassis in a Valentino outfit of ivory lace that, for years, women copied around the world. The list of celebrities that have worn Valentino is endless: Sophia Loren and Nancy Reagan to Brooke Shields and Sharon Stone. There are few who have been able to resist the allure of his outfits, a synthesis of luxury and grace modulated with modernity.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Jackie Kennedy Wearing Valentino Dress when she Married Onassis in
Jackie Kennedy Wearing Valentino Wedding Dress

He reinvented bows, transforming them into a symbol of femininity: one of his first outfits embellished with this detail won a legendary burst of applause that lasted for ten full minutes. He is an absolute master of his profession, technique, and the way he transformed this artisanal ability into a compass by which he charts the ongoing continuity of his line.

In 1978, through a manufacturing agreement with the Gruppo Finanziario Tessile, he launched his first line. Over time, the number of lines has grown to eight, including menswear and womenswear of ready-to-wear fashion. Since 1968, he has presented his collections of prêt-à-porter on the runways of Paris, as he has also done since 1989 with his haute couture creations. His success has never known decline, it seems immune to flops and comebacks. But Valentino is especially proud of having created the Life Foundation to raise funds to help children afflicted with AIDS.

Elizabeth Taylor in Valentino Red Dress
Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Elizabeth Taylor in Valentino Red Dress

A reality that came into existence in 1990, the same year in which the fashion designer celebrated in Rome and Milan his thirtieth year in business, with an exhibition at the Accademia Valentino, a space designed and equipped for exhibitions and cultural events.

HDP Buys the Company

In January 1998, the “Rolls Royce of fashion designers,” as the Americans call him, sold his griffe for 500 billion liras, the annual turnover of the maison was 1.2 trillion liras, amidst much weeping, and maintaining a place for himself as the creative director, to HDP, the holding company run by Maurizio Romiti.

He said: “I have seen too many of my colleagues being ushered out of their ateliers through the tradesman’s entrance, in order to make way for new creatives who have then undermined the originale style of the maison…”

Valentino is a private man, but he also knows how to engage in polemics with stylish irony. When the American journalist, Suzy Menkes, the terror of fashion designers, stated in 1990, the end of the phenomenon of top models had arrived, and criticized those who continued to use them. Valentino replied by purchasing a full-page advertisement in the International Herald Tribune: “Suzy, you’ve got it all wrong. Love from Valentino and the top models” was the slogan beneath a photograph of Claudia Schiffer, Nadya Auermann, and Elle McPherson.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Designer in his Eighteenth Century Castle
Designer in his Eighteenth Century Castle

He lives and works in Rome, Capri, London, New York, and Paris. He purchased an eighteenth-century castle just an hour away from the French capital, which he considers as his refuge. He refuses to allow it to be photographed. The only pictures that have been taken show Valentino as he strolls in the immense park with his pet pugs. There is a vast forest, which he minimizes, describing it as: “Big enough to go horseback riding in.”

40 Years of Career

In 2001, Valentino, much loved by the stars of Hollywood, chose to celebrate his 40 years of business in Los Angeles. The party, a benefit for Child Priority, was organized with Steven Spielberg, Kate Capshaw, Tom Hanks, and Rita Wilson. During the evening, there was a book presentation of Il libro rosso di Valentino, edited by Franca Sozzani, contains pictures of 40 women including Ashley Judd, Ines Sastre, Isabella Rossellini, Kate Moss, and Mila Jovovich dressed in “Valentino red” and depicted by the most important photographers of the time.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Il Libro Rosso di Valentino
Valentino Il Libro Rosso di Valentino

That same year, in March, Julia Roberts received her Oscar wearing “vintage” Valentino. Gleaming in black silk in the mass media helped to launch what would become one of the most significant trends of fashion in recent years: vintage.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts Wearing Vintage Valentino at Grammys

In February 2002 he represented Italy, with its historic and rare capacity to blend creativity and craftsmanship with taste and superior elegance, during the culiminating ceremonies of the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, broadcasted around the world.

Valentino Joins the Marzotto Group

In March of 2002, after months of negotiations and rumors, HDP sold the Roman griffe to the Mariotto Group for €240 million Euros, including the financial debts accumulated over recent years, which on 31 December 2001 amounted to €204.4 million. Valentino Intimate and Valentino Sand were the first creations of the new management. With a three-year licensing agreement, the Como-based company, Albisetti, took over production and distribution rights worldwide for the intimatewear and men’s and women’s swimwear collections. The new lines debuted at Lingerie Americas, the first event in the sector held in the United States, which from 4 to 6 August 2002 featured 22 Italian underwear labels at the Pavillion Altman Building in New York. There were more than 125 manufacturers invited from around the world.

The New Lines

In the first two months of 2003, Marzotto had a 1.8% increase in turnover, to be attributed for the most part to the consolidation of Valentino.
In May, Valentino, with a series of his “cult” outfits, took part in the exhibition, My Favorite Dress, at the Fashion Textile Museum, a London fashion museum built at the behest of the fashion designer Zandra Rhodes in the neighborhood of Bermondsey, south of the Thames.

Later, he launched the Valentino Timeless watches and the youth line Valentino R.E.D. (Roman Eccentric Dressing), which reinterpreted his unmistakable timeless modules such as jeans, but also his more classic items such as the short “Jackie” overcoats or the “V Logo” of 1968, by now part of fashion history.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino RED Valentino Line
Valentino RED Valentino Line

The success of the watch line prompts the brand to propose, in 2004, also a jewelery line. 2005 opens with the debut of the fragrance V Valentino, created in collaboration with Procter & Gamble. Over the year, bid diversification expands to 360 °. There is, for example, the licensing agreement with Spanish Pronovias for the production and marketing of a line of bridal dresses, and the alliance with Arnolfo di Cambio for the creation of a home line dedicated to the Art de La Table. Meanwhile significant corporate reorganizations involve Valentino S.p.A. And its subsidiaries: these maneuvers will give birth to the Valentino Fashion Group (VFG), which sees the light at the end of the year.

Farewell to the Catwalks

At the beginning of 2006 Matteo Marzotto became president of Valentino S.p.A., while the position of CEO was Stefano Sassi. After the important reorganization of the group, 2007 is devoted to grand festivals for the nine years of master’s activity. At Ara Pacis, a retrospective entitled Valentino in Rome was inaugurated: 45 years of style, in conjunction with the High Fashion show in July. Obviously, in September, the protagonist of the fashion designer’s passageways is announced: in October his last collection, standing ovation and general emotion, is taking its place in Paris.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Exhibition 45 Years of style
Valentino Exhibition 45 Years of style

The designated heir is Alessandra Facchinetti, reduced by a collaboration with Gucci and Moncler Gamme Rouge, while the men’s collection, entrusted to Ferruccio Pozzoni, takes place in the Ville lumière.

On January 23, 2008 Valentino waved his last goodbye at the Spring 2008 Haute Couture Fashion Show at the Musée Rodin. The room was lined with his contributions to the fashion world and models paraded down the runway in his iconic element, the red gown. He took the final walk down the runway while receiving a standing ovation for his contributions over the past 45 years.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino's Farewell Collection
Valentino Garvanni Farewell Collection, Paris 2008

At the end of 2008, however, the end of the collaboration between Alessandra Facchinetti and the maison was announced.

Creative Directors: Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pier Paolo Piccioli

Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pier Paolo Piccioli, creators of the line of accessories for the brand, take on the creative direction of the clothing line. In 2009 the collaboration with Ferruccio Pozzoni also ends. In 2011, Valentino posted a net profit of €2.6 million in the first six months of the year, compared with the red €7.4 million in the same period in 2010.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pier Paolo Piccioli
Creative Directors: Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pier Paolo Piccioli

On September 7, 2011 Anna Wintour handed Valentino the Couture Council Award for Art in Fashion 2011 in New York. Valentino does not renew the liaison with Safilo and signs an international license agreement with Marchon, effective from January 1, 2012, for the production and distribution of sunglasses and glasses. In January 2012 Valentino’s guesthouse is the special guest of Pitti Uomo 81 in Fortezza da Basso in Florence. Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pierpaolo Piccioli present the A / I 2012, which is 13 men’s collection, presented at a fashion show for the first time.

The Recent Years

Valentino celebrated 50 years of career and inaugurates a new store concept and a vintage capsule collection. The Milan Montenapoleone shop was designed by architect David Chipperfield, along with Chiuri, and Piccioli. The maison, since Chiuri and Piccioli have been appointed, has seen a period of strong evolution.

In 2012, Valentino Fashion Group’s entire shareholding was acquired by Mayhoola for Investments S.P.C., a subsidiary of Qatar’s primary investor for €600 million. At the end of the year, the brand launched the “Valentino Garavani Virtual Museum” opening a window on the designer’s world that left the creative direction in 2008.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Garavani Virtual Museum 2015
Valentino Garavani Virtual Museum 2015

The luxury group closed 2013 with revenues up 25% to around €490 million. Also, 2015 closes revenues up 48% for €986.9 million and an ebitda almost doubled to €180.2 million. Valentino officially announced on July 7, 2016 the appointment of Pierpaolo Piccioli as the sole creative director of the Roman house following Maria Grazia Chiuri’s decision to leave the company after 17 years, of which 8, were as co-creative director with Piccioli.

In 2016, the second-line license goes to OTB’s Staff International. The license will continue until at least Spring / Summer 2018. Luxottica Group and Valentino have signed a license agreement for the spectacle collections. The new agreement, lasting ten years, is operational since January 2017.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Valentino Spring / Summer 2017 Fashion Show
Spring / Summer 2017 Fashion Show

VIVETTA PONTI

Vivetta is an Italian brand founded in 2009 by fashion designer Vivetta Ponti.

Index

  1. History
  2. The Success
  3. Brand Style

History

Daughter of an antiquarian, Vivetta Ponti, was born in Assisi and graduated from the Linguistics of Le Mantellate in Florence. After attending the Paullo training center in Milan, Vivetta began her training course in Robert Cavalli’s office as a design assistant.

For Vivetta, her experience at Cavalli was long, but decisive for her creative development, and understanding of business dynamics.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Vivetta Collection 2017
Vivetta Collection 2017

In 2008 Vivetti Ponti won “Who’s Next” in Paris, a competition rewarding the best emerging artists. The next year, the designer made a big leap and launched her own label, “Vivetta”. The brand debuted for the first time at White Milano in 2010.  As the designer said, the early years were “hard and full of defeats,” because her style was not understood.

“It was crucial not to demise and believe 100%, without listening to anyone, and making me demoralized. Now, we have a lot of work on the project, company, and worldwide distribution.”

The Success

In 2015, during Milan Fashion Week, Giorgio Armani chose Vivetta to present her Autumn/Winter 2015/2016 “The Groupie Attitude” collection in Armani Theater. Armani had already defined Vivetta as “the best”.

“I have a beautiful memory of the experience, despite some factors of understandable disorganization, being the first presentation. From that day things started to go well, even in Italy.”

With the Spring/Summer 2017 collection, Vivetta Ponti was the first Italian designer to join the Swavorski Collective project. This project encouraged designers to explore new creative paths through the use of crystals.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Vivetta 2017 Collection
Vivetta 2017 Collection

In March 2017, Vivetta Ponti, was the host of Mercedes-Benz in Beijing, where she presented her Autumn/Winter 2017 collection within the Mercedes-Benz International Designer Exchange Program.

Brand Style

The brand style of Vivetta includes nostalgic elements such as poetry, dolls, antique furnishings and a 50s design combined with hyper-contemporary silhouettes and bon ton. Clean lines are enriched with unexpected details and surreal elements. Creating a new idea of elegance: playful and dynamic, romantic and ironic, but also surreal and tailor-made. Originality is in fact made with the best tradition of Made in Italy.

Mame Fashion Dictionary: Vivetta 2017 Collection Details at Milan Fashion Week
Vivetta 2017 Collection Details at Milan Fashion Week

The Vivetta style is feminine, delicate, dreamy, irreverent and fair, accompanied by a strong personality. That’s why it has become a point of reference for all trendy women constantly looking for a touch of eccentricity.

The company is based in Florence where all creations are hand-drawn, then handmade. Distribution points include Barney’s NY, Selfridges, Harrods, Le Bon Marche, Moda Operandi, LuisaViaRoma, and Tsum retailers.

Salva

Salva