Pseudonym of Vladimir Levgrafovitch (1885-1953). Russian artist. Born in Moscow. A Soviet militant, he was, with Rodchenko, one of the founders of the Constructivist Movement. A forerunner of industrial design, he also created his own furniture and designed outfits with a view primarily to functionality. He created and work overcoats and jackets with removable flannel linings for the intermediate seasons, and fur for the winter. He also invented outfits with elements that could be replaced when they were worn out.