Courses organized in Milan by the Chamber of Fashion, aimed at educating professionals ‘with basic skills and a specific knowledge to cover, above all, the new necessities of the sector’. In 2001 a new course was started for Art Director Corporate Image next to the already existing Fashion Buyer, Project Maker and Responsible Research, and Multimedia Development. The basic subjects are marketing, communication, English, commodity economics, and information technology. The courses are free, financed by the European Social Fund and the Lombardy region. They last for 8 months, three of which are spent at the companies associated with the Chamber of Fashion. An admission test is obligatory for high school and college graduates because the number of places is limited to 18.
Established in 1986 in Paris and directed by Pierre Bergé. The study of fabrics, the management of new technologies, and the management training in fashion are the key courses at the school. IFM was created on the initiative of the Ministry of Industry. It runs seminars and multidiscipline teaching that addresses, in particular, the industries producing fashion.
Brand of children’s clothing. Managed by Imelde and Stefano Cavalleri (1950), partners in both life and work. They were able to create a winning business in the province of Bergamo through constant expansion and with a particular loading of joy that makes the world of I Pinco Pallino completely exclusive. The company has a classic, casual, and baby line, each accompanied by accessories. The brand has several single brand stores throughout the world and is on sale in the most significant department stores. This global success was rewarded with the prestigious Column One award from the Wall Street Journal in 2000. It certainly wasn’t an easy path, one that started in 1982 at Pitti Bimbo, which marks its first success. Twenty years later, the company’s turnover amounted to 19 million Euros. This is fashion in small measures for little boys and girls, and, curiously for redheads: this is how Imelde and Stefano imagine them and how the public sees them in advertising and in the sales points. A 360ú couple, united in the social field. They have always collaborated with humanitarian organizations and charities, both in Italy and abroad, promoting and supporting cultural initiatives. Their involvement was acknowledged in 2001 at an institutional level by the Province of Milan, in the presence of the former Cardinal, Carlo Maria Martini. They collaborate with WWF, Fai, Unicef, and Anlaids. They also support the venture of Italian Association of Libraries and the Italian Association of Pediatricians, which promotes reading for children.
The company made a turnover of 18.6 million Euros from clothing and shoes for children, up by 15% compared to 2000.
Opening of the first single brand boutique in Rome, in Via del Babbuino.
Despite a difficult year for the clothing and textiles sectors, the company registered a turnover of 19 million Euros, up 5% compared to the previous year. 50% of the production is exported.
The company focused on distribution. A sales point was opened in the Wafi Wall department store in Dubai, the first in the United Arab Emirates. The brand’s presence was also consolidated in the Far East with four boutiques in Japan, eight in Taiwan (opened in partnership with the company Why and 1/2). A second store was opened in Milan, which focused exclusively on clothing for babies.
The brand was distributed in more than 400 boutiques in Italy and abroad.
An agreement was signed with the company Ma Mere to expand in the Japanese market. The target was the opening of 15 sales points and to attain an annual turnover of 12.4 million Euros. There were three sales points in Japan, plus another one with Ma Mere, in Tokyo and Osaka, making an annual turnover of about ¼200 million, 1.65 million Euros.
Brand of ready-to-wear. Both Canadians, Ian H. Cooper (1946-1992) and Marcel B. Aucoin (1951-1991) met in Toronto in 1976. The former studied fashion design at the Ryerson Polytechnic Institute, and the latter studied furniture and fabric design at the Sheridan School of Design in Canada. They moved to London where Ian graduated with a Masters in fashion at St. Martin’s School of Art. In 1979 they established their own company, creating Fortuny-style evening dresses in pleated silk, and developing liquid latex and silk-based technique, which allowed them to decorate fabrics as well as welding them without the use of seams.
Exhibition of fibers, threads, and fabrics. It is organized by Messe Frankfurt with Chinese partners in Beijing. In March 2002 it occupied 8,361 square yards in the Chinese World Trade Center with 250 exhibitors and 18,000 visitors. In October 2002 it moved to Shanghai with 700 companies in 25,083 square yards at the Shanghai New International Expo Center.
Janey (1917). Director of the fashion department at the Royal College of Art in London. Born in England, she studied costume at St. Martin’s School of Art. After her graduation, she opened her own dressmaking workshop. When the department opened, she worked as the assistant to the director Madge Garland. In 1956 she took over as director. A this point she closed her tailoring business. She modernized the teaching methods. She understood the new necessities of the fashion industry — designers were capable of working in a market much larger than that of high fashion ateliers. She encouraged individual creativity and experimentation. David Sassoon, Marion Foale, Sally Tuffin, Ossie Clark, Anthony Price, and Janice Wainwright were among her students. In 1962 she published Fashion as a Career. She was very active in the research for funds for the department. In 1964 she launched a course in menswear. She resigned in 1967 after a clash with the authorities who denied university status to the fashion department alone. She is married to the painter Christopher Ironside.
Spanish clothing industry. It has large and successful businesses in other sectors: hi-tech and communications, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. The brands of Induyco Industrias y Confecciones, which produces 6 million pieces annually, are distributed in Spain and Portugal by the partner El Corte Inglès, a chain of department stores.
It launched the new Sfera brand in the Iberian market to compete with the rival Inditex with the Zara brand. In the mid-term, the company intends to export Sfera in other markets. It opened six new stores in Spain, in the spaces once occupied by Marks & Spencer’s department stores.
Japanese company of department stores. In fashion it follows the market politics of focusing on young people with the brands Moschino, Donna Karan, Cerruti, and Montana. Since 1991 it has also had the C’est Magnifique line. Established in 1886 in Tokyo as a kimono boutique, it developed in the 1930s. In 1989 it arrived in the USA thanks to a joint venture with Barney’s. It has 15 branch stores all over the world.
Agreements were signed to sell the Isetan brands in Ado stores, including the popular women’s line, New’s Square Casual.
It absorbed Iwataya, a group leader in the department stores of Kyushu, and relaunched the chain.
Isetan amplified the Ado projects. The bag collection New’s Square Handbag, presented in August 2001 with sales for ¼2.5 billion, was introduced into Ado stores.