Balla, Giacomo

Balla Giacomo (1871-1958). Italian painter. In May 1914 he signed the Manifesto of the Futurist Men’s Suit in which he theorized the Transformable Suit.

Balla Giacomo (1871-1958). Italian painter. In May 1914 he signed the Manifesto del vestito maschile futurista (Manifesto of the Futurist Men’s Suit) in which he theorized the Vestito Trasformabile (Transformable Suit). It is a suit that could be modified by attaching fabric of different colors and shapes by means of snap fasteners.

The first Futurist suit is, according to the painter,  “dynamic, aggressive, annoying, strong-willed, violent, flying, agile, joyful, illuminating, phosphorescent”. But the first clothes created by the artist, in a large or fine checkered pattern, characterized by a basic but dynamic cut, came out in 1912.

Balla
Futurism and suits.

Balla and the futuristic movement

One of the masters of the Futurist Movement, he was very interested in clothing, considering it as a radical, futurist renewal of life. Moreover this lead to his Manifesto per la Ricostruzione Futurista dell’Universo (Manifesto for the Futurist Reconstruction of the Universe), signed in 1915 together with his fellow-artist Depero. Then starting in the 1920s, Balla created suits, ties, waistcoats, tapestries, fans, bags and hats in which the lines of velocity in his painting are transformed into extravagant arabesques and geometric decorations of vivid and contrasting colors.

Each one is a unique piece and was created by the artist at his home in Rome, with the help of his daughters Luce and Elica. Furthermore some very important pieces belong to the Biagiotti-Cigna Collection (Guidonia) and to the Coen and Pieroni Collection in Pescara.

It might also interest you: 

Bakst, Léon

Balla Giacomo, futurist

Bakst, Léon

Bakst, Léon . The professional name of Lev Samojlovic Rosenberg (1886-1924). Russian painter. He created the avant-guard movement known as The World of Art.

Bakst, Léon . The professional name of Lev Samojlovic Rosenberg (1886-1924), a Russian painter. A Symbolist, he created together with Diaghilev and Alexandre Benois the avant-guard movement known as The World of Art. He followed Diaghilev to Paris and was the most important costume and set designer of the Ballets Russes. He worked on Schéhérazade (1909), The Firebird (1910), and Afternoon of a Faun. His references to the folk traditions of his native land, charged with exoticism, influenced the French fashions of those years.

It might also interest you:

Baj, Enrico

Baj, Enrico

Baj Enrico (1912-2003). Italian painter. He was among founders of the Movimento Nucleare in Milan. In 1961 he designed for the Bruna Bini collection.

Baj Enrico (1912-2003). Italian painter. He was among the artists who founded the Movimento Nucleare in Milan. In 1961 he designed for the Bruna Bini collection. It was an outfit made up of a blouse and skirt decorated with inlays of fabric, plastic, and military medals. Additionally it represented a lady general and was meant to be placed next to his paintings illustrating the same subject in his Dame e Generali period.

The painter died on June 15, 2003 in Vergiate.

it might also interest you:

Accardi, Carla

Alviani, Getulio

Alviani Getulio (1939). Italian artist born in Udine. Considered one of the most interesting Italian practitioners of kinetic-visual experiments.

Alviani Getulio (1939). Italian artist born in Udine. Considered one of the most interesting Italian practitioners of kinetic-visual experiments. He created printed fabrics, dresses and jewellery based on the same ideas that inspired his artwork. In the same way that his work Superfici a testura vibratile displays different patterns according to the light and the movements of the viewer. Additionally his printed fabrics, manufactured in different variations of two contrasting colors by Germana Marucelli in 1964, transform themselves according to the movements of the body.

Again in 1964, he and Marucelli created Positivo/Negativo. It is a long, sleeveless evening dress. After his début in Marucelli’s atelier in Milan, his designs were presented that same year in New York at Rizzoli and at the Italian Institute of Culture. His dress Cerchio+Quadrato is from 1965, while the swimsuit Bath Tape was created in 1966 with Rudi Gernreich.

Alviani
Alviani Getulio.

Alviani also created several pieces of jewellery. They were based on matching and contrasting colors and materials, including the disk earring of 1965 and the 1+2+3+4=10=1 ring composed of four gold wedding rings of different colors.

Alviani from 2000 to his death 

Then in June 2003, Trieste hosts the exhibit Imagerie Art Fashion, organized by the cultural association Gruppo ’78, in collaboration with the City Council and the Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The union of fashion and art, the subject of the event, was represented by the artist’s “superfici vibratili” (vibrating surfaces) and by the Collections created for Marucelli.

In 2007 he exhibited at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid. Then in 2013 he participated in the group exhibition Dynamo – un siècle de lumière et de movement in art 1913-2013, at the Grand Palais in Paris.

He married in his first marriage to Angela Maria Brollo and in second marriage to Anna Palange. Alviani passed away in Milan on February 24, 2018.

It might also interest you:

Amfitheatrof, Francesca

Aulenti, Gae

Aulenti Gae (1927). Architect and designer. In 1992, together with Luca Ronconi, he organized the exhibit La Sala Bianca, nascita della moda italiana.

Aulenti Gae (1927). Architect and designer. In 1992, together with Luca Ronconi, he organized the exhibit La Sala Bianca, nascita della moda italiana (The White Room: The Birth of Italian Fashion) at Palazzo Strozzi in Florence. One year later, the exhibit went to the Musée des Arts de la Mode et du Textile at the Louvre in Paris.

Other activities

In 1994 he organized the exhibit The Italian Metamorphosis at the Guggenheim Museum in New York.  Fashion played a large part in the exhibition. Then in 1996, at the Biennale di Firenze, of which he was Vice-President, he was responsible for the exhibit Visitors along with Franca Sozzani and Luigi Settembrini. He studied with Ernesto Rogers. He designed the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, which opened at the end of 1986. For this President Mitterand awarded him the Legion d’Honneur. In 1985 he was in charge of the renovation of Palazzo Grassi in Venice. Additionally in 1987-1995 Aulenti did the same work for the Museu d’Art de Cataluña in Barcelona. He also did the plans for the Musèe National d’Art Moderne inside the Beaubourg in Paris. Among his most well known design objects are the Pipistrello (1966) and Parola lamps, and a round table for Fontana Arte.

It might also interest you:

Amfitheatrof, Francesca

Albanese, Fortunato

Albanese Fortunato. Italian writer. In 1917 he organized the first Congresso Nazionale dell’Industria e del Commercio dell’Abbigliamento.

Albanese Fortunato. Italian writer. In 1917 he organized the first Congresso Nazionale dell’Industria e del Commercio dell’Abbigliamento (National Congress of Clothing Manufacturers and Merchants) in Rome. Furthermore, in these, those invited from Milan did not participate. This was to avoid disputes with the trade unions who were fighting for an eight hour workday. In 1938 Albanese Fortunato wrote Profili di un’opera e di un programma whose purpose was to encourage the development of Italian writing about fashion and, as requested by the Fascist regime, to make the Italian fashion industry more prominent than the French one.

It might also interest you:

Adrover, Miguel

Basaldella, Afro

Afro Basaldella (1912-1976). Italian painter. He also designed jewellery, starting with a pair of earrings in yellow gold with emeralds and rubies.

Afro Libio Basaldella , 1912-1976. Italian painter. He also designed jewellery, starting with a pair of earrings in yellow gold with emeralds and rubies produced in 1949 by the goldsmith Gherardi of Rome. Among the main figures in the renewal of painting in postwar Italy, Afro created jewellery until the early 1960s. His pieces are unique and reflect the abstract character of his painting. His work as a goldsmith was exhibited at the International Exhibition of Modern Jewellery 1890/1961 at Goldsmith Hall, Foster Lane, London, in 1962.

Basaldella Afro was born in Udine on March 4, 1912 and died in Zurich on July 24,1976.

It might also interest you:

Aesthetic Movement

Acconci, Vito

Vito Acconci (1940-2017). Italian-American artist born in New York in the Bronx. Among the first exponents of that branch of Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci (1940-2017). Italian-American artist born in New York in the Bronx. Among the first exponents of that branch of Conceptual Art known as Behavioral Art. He always considered the experience of the body as fundamental to his work (performance art, photography, and sculpture).

For this reason he created sculpture in the shape of garments, such as his installation at the Museo Pecci in Prato in 1991. Here six gigantic brassieres with cups made of wire netting and plastered fabric were adjusted by shoulder straps made of steel cables.

In 1993 he created Shirt/Jacket of Pockets, a jacket of transparent plastic made of pockets joined together by zippers. Leaf Shirt was done in 1985: a green leaf-covered shirt as a symbol of the deep connection between nature and the human body.

Acconci
Shirt/jacket of pockets.

He has taught at prestigious art and design institutes in Halifax, Chicago, California, at Yale University, and also lectures at the College of Brooklyn.

One of his latest works is Lobby-for-the-Time-Being. It is an installation in the North Wing Lobby of the Bronx Museum of the Arts. The installation occupies the building’s atrium with a white Corian mesh, creating a long undulating wall similar to giant snowflakes.

Acconci
Lobby-for-the-time-being.

In 2014 Acconci is the protagonist of a video produced by Marc Santo. Here he talks about some of his projects that have never been completed.

Vito Acconci passed away on April 27, 2017 in Manhattan, New York.

It might also interest you: 

Abate, Loris

Accardi, Carla

Accardi Carla (1924-2014). Italian painter. In 1949 she created for her own use a sculpture-brooch in gold with diamonds, pearls and corals.

Accardi Carla (1924-2014) was an italian painter. She was born in Trapani on October 9, 1924. In 1949 she created for her own use a sculpture-brooch in gold with diamonds, pearls and corals.

In the post-war period it is one of the most important pieces of art-jewelry directly inspired by a work in gouache from the period of Forma 1, the name by which a group of Italian abstract artists described themselves.

Carla Accardi.
Carla Accardi.

She was part of feminism in Italy by setting up the “Rivolta Donne” group.

Carla Accardi died on February 23rd, 2014 in Rome.

It might also interest you: 

Antonio Marras