BAA McArthurGlen

Chain of European super-stores. It pays particular attention to fashion, with great designers and large discounts, usually 50%. It offers Versace, Levi’s, Calvin Klein, Paul Smith, Donna Karan, Reebok, and Adidas, plus Dunhill accessories and products from Disney and Warner Bros.

Babani

Firm offering fabrics and clothing established in 1919 by Madame Babani in a shop on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris. She sold Liberty fabrics as well as the Renaissance-inspired ones created by Mariano Fortuny. Like Maria Gallenga, Babani was an imitative follower of Fortuny, from whom she separated in order to pursue a lesser sophistication and a taste for embroidery. The firm was in business for ten years.

Babini

Marina (1956). Italian designer. Upon graduation from the Istituto Marangoni in Milan in 1978 she immediately created her own brand, combining her name with the word Italia in order to emphasize the idea of traditions, roots and taste. From her very first Collection, she offered a total look in which every piece was interchangeable and coordinated. The firm is based in Faenza, where it produces 100,000 pieces per year and employs 250 workers.
&Quad;2003. The brand opens its own showroom in Faenza, while the headquarters for export is in Milan, near Sari Spazio. Among the American stars who appreciate the simplicity and clean lines of Babini’s designs are Halle Berry, Jo Champa, Janet Jackson and Sharon Stone.

Babouche

Manufacturer of Morocco-style slippers founded in 2000 by Patrizio Miceli, Cyril Saulnier and Pierre Jacquet. These three men, with the help of the shoemakers of Marrakech, created these babouches by adjusting them to an urban, western style. Some of them, in fact, have a slight heel. They can be striped or with flowers, and made of leather, denim, snakeskin, silk, or tweed, even in a camouflage pattern. Sold in France at fifty points-of-sale, Babouche slippers have been quite successful, and are by now on sale in twelve other countries.

Baby Doll

A symbol of feminine seduction par excellence, worn by film stars since the 1950s, but also sketched on the silhouettes of cartoon heroines like Betty Boop. Its name comes from the title of a 1956 film directed by Elia Kazan starring Carrol Baker in the role of a baby-wife who wore a short nightgown and sucked her thumb. At the time the film caused a great scandal, provoking the terrible anger of Cardinal Spellman and stirring up the Legion of Decency. Short length and transparency were the key attributes of this garment born in the 1950s at a historical moment in which women again felt the desire to be attractive at any time of day. Half-way between underwear and sleepwear, of a charmingly childish shape, it consists of a sleeveless low-necked blouse short enough to allow a glimpse of panties decorated with bows and lace also used to embellish the neckline and hem of the blouse itself.

Bacirubati

One of the six brands which, with Argentovivo and Azuleja for women, and Julipet, Allen Cox and Jamas for men, are owned by the Arcte Group from Bologna, a leader in the manufacturing and distribution of underwear and beachwear. Bacirubati was created to address a young and dynamic market. The main features of the line are its minimalist glamour and innovative materials. Every year there are two Collections for underwear, corsetry, sleepwear and homewear, and one Collection for bathing suits and beachwear. In 2002 two new lines were introduced, Bacirubati Next and Bacirubati Cotonext. The first of these, which includes both an underwear and a beachwear Collection, is characterized by simple lines and basic colors. The second is manufactured with an innovative stretch cotton, under a patent called Futura that is produced exclusively for Arcte by Franzoni Filati, which allows complete freedom of movement. Along with the other brands of the Arcte Group, Bacirubati is distributed in the most important locations in Italy also in France, Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, Greece and Spain.

Backhaus

Maria Vittoria (1942). Italian photographer. She works in Milan and is considered one of the best for taking still life photos of accessories, jewels, objects, adn the kitchen. She studied set design at the Accademia di Brera and began her career as a reporter for the weekly magazine Tempo in the second half of the 1960s. Later she worked in fashion, collaborating especially with Vogue Italia and becoming a close friend of Walter Albini. After arriving at the monthly Casa Vogue, under the direction of Isa Tutino Vercelloni, she began to work with still life, quickly demonstrating her talent, taste, and skill at working with lights. She favors large-format photography. She is the niece of Arnaldo Mussolini and the daughter of Vito, the last editor-in-chief of Popolo d’Italia. She married Giorgio Backhaus, the translator of Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno, philosophers of the Frankfurt School.